And even if you can repay it, that repayment will take a huge bite out of your next paycheck. If you count on that paycheck for rent, groceries, and other daily expenses (and who doesn’t?), then paying back your payday loan will leave you right back where your started: running low on money until your next payday! That could mean no money for gas to get to work, no money for groceries, maybe even no money for rent—sounds pretty bad, right?
Payday loans are very short term loans that are based on your paycheck so you can’t borrow more than you make during a pay period. This is why you usually can’t borrow more than $2,000 from a payday lender. On the other hand, you can be approved for up to $30,000 on a signature loan depending on the lender and your financial standing. Nearly 15 times the amount you would get from a cash advance and at a lower interest rate and they’re just as easy to qualify for.
A report from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York concluded that, "We ... test whether payday lending fits our definition of predatory. We find that in states with higher payday loan limits, less educated households and households with uncertain income are less likely to be denied credit, but are not more likely to miss a debt payment. Absent higher delinquency, the extra credit from payday lenders does not fit our definition of predatory." The caveat to this is that with a term of under 30 days there are no payments, and the lender is more than willing to roll the loan over at the end of the period upon payment of another fee. The report goes on to note that payday loans are extremely expensive, and borrowers who take a payday loan are at a disadvantage in comparison to the lender, a reversal of the normal consumer lending information asymmetry, where the lender must underwrite the loan to assess creditworthiness.
The basic loan process involves a lender providing a short-term unsecured loan to be repaid at the borrower's next payday. Typically, some verification of employment or income is involved (via pay stubs and bank statements), although according to one source, some payday lenders do not verify income or run credit checks. Individual companies and franchises have their own underwriting criteria.
People from all walks of life generally use their payday loan for emergency expenses, including doctor bills, utility payments, rent payments, or to avoid bouncing a check (or checks) at their financial institution. The fees associated with a payday loan can often be the most affordable option for a customer who may otherwise encounter NSF fees from the bank or late fees on a credit card.
In many cases, borrowers write a post-dated check (check with a future date) to the lender; if the borrowers don't have enough money in their account by the check's date, their check will bounce. In Texas, payday lenders are prohibited from suing a borrower for theft if the check is post-dated. One payday lender in the state instead gets their customers to write checks dated for the day the loan is given. Customers borrow money because they don't have any, so the lender accepts the check knowing that it would bounce on the check's date. If the borrower fails to pay on the due date, the lender sues the borrower for writing a hot check.
Colorado: The amount of payments will vary based on the loan amount, the number of payments and the length of the loan. Using a $300 loan as an example: If you borrow $300 to be repaid in 6 months, the total finance charges would be $209.44, with an APR (Annual Percentage Rate) of 208.00%.* The finance charges and APR are based upon you agreeing to make 13 payments of $36.39 due every two weeks and one final payment of $36.37.
The propensity for very low default rates seems to be an incentive for investors interested in payday lenders. In the Advance America 10-k SEC filing from December 2011 they note that their agreement with investors, "limits the average of actual charge-offs incurred during each fiscal month to a maximum of 4.50% of the average amount of adjusted transaction receivables outstanding at the end of each fiscal month during the prior twelve consecutive months". They go on to note that for 2011 their average monthly receivables were $287.1 million and their average charge-off was $9.3 million, or 3.2%. In comparison with traditional lenders, payday firms also save on costs by not engaging in traditional forms of underwriting, relying on their easy rollover terms and the small size of each individual loan as method of diversification eliminating the need for verifying each borrower's ability to repay. It is perhaps due to this that payday lenders rarely exhibit any real effort to verify that the borrower will be able to pay the principal on their payday in addition to their other debt obligations.
However, there are ways these loans can affect your credit, especially if you can’t keep up with your payments. Part of getting a payday loan involves leaving a post-dated check, or giving the lender access to your checking account if you apply online. When the loan comes due, the lender deposits the check or withdraws what you owe. If you don’t have enough in your account to cover the amount you owe, you could bounce a check or overdraw your account.
Check Into Cash advances range anywhere from $50 to $1,000 depending on your state of residence. The qualifications for our loans are typically less stringent than for conventional loans. In exchange for the cash you need, Check Into Cash charges a small fee. This fee along with the original amount borrowed is typically due on your next day of pay.