It’s not necessarily a scientific term, but generally, payday loans are a type of bad credit loan with very short payment terms and very high annual percentage rates (APRs). They are aimed at people who have poor credit, and the lender doesn’t check a person’s credit during the lending process. Payday loans are available as both storefront loans and online loans, and they are sometimes also called “no credit check loans” or “cash advance loans.”

In the UK Sarah-Jayne Clifton of the Jubilee Debt Campaign said, “austerity, low wages, and insecure work are driving people to take on high cost debt from rip-off lenders just to put food on the table. We need the government to take urgent action, not only to rein in rip-off lenders, but also to tackle the cost of living crisis and cuts to social protection that are driving people towards the loan sharks in the first place.”[21]

Although some have noted that these loans appear to carry substantial risk to the lender,[7][8] it has been shown that these loans carry no more long term risk for the lender than other forms of credit.[9][10][11] These studies seem to be confirmed by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission filings of at least one lender, who notes a charge-off rate of 3.2%.[12]
The APR associated with your loan stands for the annual percentage rate, or the amount of interest you will be expected to pay in relation to the length of your loan term. Most of the time, the APR for short term loans ranges from 260.71% to 1825.00%, though this can vary somewhat. Although the APR associated with short term loans is higher than that associated with other forms of credit, it is still considerably less than the charges associated with overdrafts and nonsufficient funds. Please see below for a cost comparison.